If you’re a proud Monstera plant owner, you may have asked yourself, “How fast do Monstera grow?”
This is a question many plant parents ask, especially when they’re eager to see their beloved Monstera thrive and grow to impressive sizes.
After all, nothing is beautiful like watching your plant baby flourish and fill up a space.
In this blog post, I’ll dive into the fascinating world of Monstera growth rates and give you all the information you need to help your plant reach its full potential.
So sit back, grab a cup of tea, and let’s explore the exciting growth journey of the Monstera plant.
How Fast Do Monstera Grow?
Monstera plants can grow anywhere from 1-2 feet per year, depending on various factors such as light, water, and nutrients. Most Monstera plants grow even faster with proper care, reaching impressive heights in a few years. So if you want to grow a thriving Monstera plant, provide the right conditions for your plant.
About Monstera Plants
Taxonomy & native range
The scientific name for Monstera is Monstera deliciosa. It belongs to the family Araceae, which includes many other popular indoor plants like philodendrons, peace lilies, and ZZ plants.
Monstera contains around 50 species, but Monstera deliciosa is the most commonly cultivated and well-known species.
Monstera has undergone several taxonomic changes throughout history. Initially, it was classified as a species of Philodendron, then later as a species of Monstera, and finally, it was given its own genus, Rhaphidophora.
However, this classification did not gain widespread acceptance, and the plant is still referred to as Monstera deliciosa.
Monstera is a climbing plant; its leaves can grow up to 90 cm (35 inches) long and 75 cm (30 inches) wide.
The plant produces unique aerial roots that help it climb trees in its natural habitat.
Its edible fruit is a green fruit that resembles an ear of corn and tastes like a combination of pineapple and banana.
Monstera plants have large, dark green leaves with deep cuts and holes. The leaves are heart-shaped and can grow up to 60 cm in length.
Mature Monstera plants produce aerial roots from their stems that help anchor them to trees or other structures.
Monsteras also produce an inflorescence of white flowers during their flowering season. Monstera propagation is fairly easy and can be done from air layering, cuttings or by dividing the root system.
Monstera history and geographical origin
Monstera is a flowering plant native to the tropical regions of the Americas, specifically Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America.
The plants are part of the Araceae family, which includes other familiar plants such as philodendrons and peace lilies.
The history of Monstera dates back to the pre-Columbian era when it was revered by indigenous people in Central and South America for its medicinal properties.
The plant was also used for decorative purposes, and its distinctive leaves were featured in art and pottery.
The first scientific description of Monstera was made in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist and physician.
He named the genus Monstera, which means “monstrous” or “abnormal” in Latin, due to the plant leaves’ unusual appearance.
Since then, Monstera has become a popular houseplant worldwide due to its unique, striking appearance and low maintenance requirements.
Popular types of Monstera plants
There’re many different types of Monstera, but here are 20 of the most popular types of Monstera:
- Monstera deliciosa
- Monstera adansonii
- Monstera obliqua
- Monstera dubia
- Monstera standleyana
- Monstera pinnatipartita
- Monstera siltepecana
- Monstera acuminata
- Monstera epipremnoides
- Monstera karstenianum
- Monstera peru
- Monstera borsigiana
- Monstera lechleriana
- Monstera subpinnata
- Monstera friedrichsthalii
- Monstera esqueleto
- Monstera tenuis
- Monstera falcata
- Monstera standleyi
- Monstera adansonii ‘Swiss Cheese plant’
Monstera Plant Growth Rate
|Monstera type||Growth rate per year|
|Monstera deliciosa||1-2 feet|
|Monstera adansonii||1-2 feet|
|Monstera obliqua||1-3 feet|
|Monstera dubia||4-10 inches|
|Monstera standelyana||1-2 feet|
|Monstera pinnatipartita||4-10 inches|
|Monstera siltepecana||2-3 feet|
|Monstera acuminata||1-2 feet|
|Monstera epipremnoides||4-10 inches|
|Monstera karstenianum||8-36 inches|
|Monstera peru||1-2 feet|
|Monstera borsigiana||2-2.5 feet|
|Monstera lechleriana||4.7-7.8 inches|
|Monstera subpinnata||12-24 inches|
|Monstera friedrichsthalii||1-2 feet|
|Monstera esqueleto||4-10 inches|
|Monstera falcata||1-2 feet|
|Monstera tenuis||1-2 feet|
|Monstera standleyi||1-2 feet|
|Monstera adansonii ‘Swiss Cheese Vine’||1-2 feet|
How fast do Monstera plants grow indoors?
The growth rate of Monstera plants indoors can vary depending on environmental factors.
Under optimal conditions, Monstera plants grow quite quickly, with some varieties producing new leaves every week or two during their growing season.
Also, Monstera plants can grow up to several feet in height and width indoors, depending on the size of their container and how often they are repotted.
Monstera plants can also grow more slowly in less-than-ideal conditions.
For example, if a Monstera is not getting enough light or is being overwatered, its growth rate may slow down and not produce new leaves as quickly.
How fast do Monsteras grow in the wild?
The growth rate of Monstera plants in the wild can be quite fast under optimal conditions, but it can also be influenced by a variety of environmental factors.
In their native tropical habitats, Monstera plants can grow quite rapidly, with some species producing new leaves every few weeks or even days.
However, the growth rate of Monstera plants in the wild can also be affected by factors such as competition for resources and the presence of natural predators or pests.
Monstera plants in the wild can grow to be quite large, with some species producing leaves that are several feet in length.
The plant’s roots also allow them to climb up trees and other structures to reach more indirect sunlight and grow taller.
Monstera growth through the seasons
Monstera plants are tropical plants that grow best in warm, humid environments with plenty of bright, indirect light.
The growth of Monstera plants is influenced by changes in environmental conditions and the seasons.
During the spring and summer months, when temperatures are warmer, Monstera plants grow more rapidly.
This is because warmer temperatures and longer days give the plant more energy to produce new leaves and grow larger.
During the fall and winter months, the growth rate of Monstera plants tends to slow down. This is because the cooler temperatures and shorter days can cause the plant to enter a state of dormancy.
During dormancy, the plant conserves energy and focuses on maintaining its existing foliage rather than producing new growth.
Factors that Affect Growth of a Monstera Plant
Some of the factors that can affect the growth of a Monstera plant include:
Environmental considerations are key factors in the growth rate of a Monstera plant. Temperature, humidity, light, and soil quality affect the rate at which a Monstera grows.
For example, higher temperatures will help accelerate growth, while lower temperatures can slow it down. Similarly, too much or insufficient light can adversely affect growth.
Soil quality is also an important factor. Plant your Monsteras in well-draining soil rich in organic matter, such as compost, peat moss, coco coir, or perlite.
Poorly drained soil can lead to root rot and slow down the growth rate of a Monstera plant.
The type of Monstera plant you have also affects its growth rate. For example, the Monstera deliciosa plant is a fast grower and can reach heights of up to 10 feet or more within two to three years with ideal environmental conditions.
Other Monsteras, such as the Monstera borsigiana, are slower growers and may take several years to reach the same heights.
Care and maintenance
A well-cared-for Monstera will grow faster than one that is not. Regular feeding, pruning, and repotting can help ensure a Monstera’s health and ensure it grows at its maximum potential rate.
Proper watering is also important. Too much water can lead to root rot, while insufficient can cause the plant to become stressed and slow its growth.
Why Your Monstera Plant Growth is Slow
Your Monstera is probably slow because of the following reasons:
Poor lighting conditions
These plants prefer bright, indirect light, so their growth may be stunted if they do not receive enough light. Monstera plants must receive at least six hours of bright, indirect light daily.
To correct this condition, move the plant to a location that receives more light, such as near a window with filtered sunlight.
If the plant has suffered from poor lighting, it may benefit from a period of time in a brighter area to help it recover.
Inadequate temperature can also slow down the growth of a Monstera plant. These plants prefer temperatures between 65-85°F (18-29°C).
If the temperature is too low or too high, the plant may become stressed and stop growing. Monstera grows well when you provide a consistent temperature within this range.
Move the plant to an area with a more consistent temperature, such as away from drafts or heating vents.
Monsteras prefer high humidity, as they are native to tropical forests. If the air is too dry, the plant may become stressed and stop growing.
Monstera needs a humidity level of at least 60%. To correct this condition, mist the plant regularly or place it in a humid environment, such as a bathroom or near a humidifier.
Monsteras prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.
Too heavy or compacted soil impedes root growth and causes the plant to become stunted. When the roots cannot grow properly, the plant cannot absorb the nutrients and water needed for growth.
If the soil is too loose or lacks structure, it can prevent the plant from anchoring itself properly and cause it to become unstable.
This makes the plant more prone to falling over, which can cause damage to the leaves and stem and lead to slow growth.
Also, soil that lacks organic matter or essential nutrients can negatively impact the growth of a Monstera plant.
Without the necessary nutrients, won’t grow and produce healthy leaves, stems, and roots.
Under or overwatering
Both overwatering and underwatering can slow the growth of a Monstera plant in different ways.
Overwatering can cause the roots of the Monstera plant to become waterlogged and lead to root rot.
When the roots are waterlogged, they cannot absorb the necessary nutrients and oxygen, making the plants stressed, which stops growth.
Overwatering can also lead to the buildup of harmful fungi and bacteria in the soil, further damaging the roots and slowing the plant’s growth.
When the plant is not receiving enough water, it cannot carry out processes like photosynthesis, which is essential for growth.
The plant may also begin to drop leaves to conserve water, further slowing its growth.
Pests and diseases
Pests and diseases can significantly slow the growth of a Monstera plant. Common pests and diseases of Monstera plants include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale, mosaic virus, root rot, bacterial leaf spot and anthracnose.
When left untreated, these pests and diseases can cause significant damage to the plant, and slow down its growth.
Pests damage the Monstera plant’s leaves, stems, and roots, making it difficult for the plant to carry out processes like photosynthesis and nutrient absorption.
These pests may also introduce harmful fungi and bacteria to the plant, leading to diseases that weaken the plant and slow growth.
Diseases affect the growth of a Monstera plant by damaging the plant’s leaves, stems, and roots. This can impede the plant’s ability to absorb water and nutrient.
Overfertilizing causes salt buildup in the soil. Excess accumulation of nutrients leads to stunted growth and yellowing of leaves.
The excess salt can also attract water from the roots and cause water to be pulled away from the plant. This can lead to dehydration and slow down growth.
Overfertilization leads to an imbalance of nutrients in the soil. Excessive amounts of one nutrient, such as nitrogen, can lead to deficiencies in other nutrients, which can negatively impact plant growth.
Rootbound significantly slows down the growth of Monstera. This condition occurs when the roots have outgrown the current fresh potting soil and become tightly packed.
When a Monstera plant is root bound, the roots have nowhere to grow, making it difficult to absorb the nutrients and water needed for healthy growth.
This can lead to a weakened plant that is more susceptible to diseases and pests and slow its growth.
The roots may also become damaged and unable to properly carry out their essential functions, such as absorbing nutrients and water from the soil.
Furthermore, root bound conditions can cause the plant’s aerial root system unstable, making it more prone to falling over, which can cause damage to the leaves and stem and further slow down growth.
How to Make Monsteras Grow Faster
If you want your Monstera to grow faster, do the following:
Provide optimum light
Monsteras can tolerate low light but won’t grow as quickly in these conditions.
To give your plant the light it needs to thrive and grow faster, place it near a window that gets natural light (filtered through blinds or curtains) throughout the day.
Maintain soil moisture
Ensuring the soil is consistently moist (not completely wet) will help your Monstera flourish. Water your Monstera evenly and often, but don’t over-water it.
Test the soil moisture level with your fingers before watering, and only water if the top inch of the soil is dry.
Ideal temperature and humidity
Monsteras like temperatures between 65°F to 85°F (18°C to 29°C) and high humidity.
To increase the air’s moisture content, use a humidifier or mist your plants with lukewarm water every few days.
Fertilizing the plant
Fertilizing your Monstera is another way to encourage growth. Use a well-balanced liquid fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season (spring and summer).
Also, only fertilize during the active growing season, as too much organic fertilizer can cause damage to your plant.
Staking and supporting the Monstera plants
Monsteras are climbing plants and will need support as they grow. Stake the plant so it can climb, but not too tightly, as this could damage it.
To stake Monstera, use a flexible material like twine or garden wire.
Repotting Monstera is essential for encouraging fast growth. Repotting Monstera once a year in the spring will give it more room to grow and allow plenty of nutrients for new growth.
When repotting, use a slightly larger container with fresh soil so that your plant can easily absorb nutrients and moisture.
How big do Monstera plants get?
Monstera plants grow up to 10 feet in height and width, although they can be much larger. The rate of growth depends on the growing environment and conditions. A Monstera plant will grow between 1-2 feet per year or about ½ – ¾ inch per month under optimal conditions.
Does Monstera grow fast?
Not really. Monstera plants grow slowly and steadily. It can take many months or even years for a Monstera to reach its full potential size. The exact speed of Monstera’s growth depends on the environment and care provided, but generally speaking, it’s not a fast-growing plant.
What is the average Monstera deliciosa height?
The average height of a Monstera deliciosa is between 10-20 feet and +feet tall. If given the proper care, they can grow even more. They also tend to spread out quite a bit over time, making them great as houseplants that provide much coverage in a relatively small space.
Where do Monsteras grow?
Monsteras are tropical climbers native to Central America and parts of South America. They can be found in many tropical countries, including Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.
How long do Monstera plants live?
A Monstera may live for up to forty years or more in optimal conditions. The growth rate depends on the care and environment the plant is provided with.
How long does it take for Monstera to get fenestration?
A Monstera takes around 2-3 years to produce its first fenestration (the unique cut-outs in its leaves). The leaves will continue to form these distinctive holes as the Monstera matures. A Monstera may produce up to thirty of these perforations on each leaf as an adult.
Monstera are a popular houseplant; their distinctive leaves make them a great choice for indoor spaces. While they can take some time to reach their full size, the wait is worth it.
With regular watering, ample light and occasional pruning, you can expect these plants to reach up to 8 feet tall. This makes them a great choice for creating lush indoor jungles.
So, if you want to add some greenery to your space, consider a Monstera. They may take some time to reach full size, but you’ll enjoy their beauty for many years.