The Mini Monstera, also known as Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, is a gorgeous tropical plant with luscious foliage and an easy-care nature.
It’s perfect for anyone looking to bring some life into their home without having to put in too much effort.
This mini monstera thrives in bright indirect light, requires moderate watering, and can easily be propagated from stem cuttings.
With its unique leaves that resemble the popular Monstera Deliciosa, this low-maintenance houseplant will add texture and color to any interior space.
This Mini Monstera Care guide will also provide some tips on how to care for your Monstera so that it thrives and grows in its new home as well as provide tips on things to avoid doing to ensure your Monstera remains healthy.
|Scientific name||Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma|
|Other names||Split leaf philodendron, Mini Monstera, Monstera Minima|
|Native||Southern Thailand and Malaysia|
|Growth zone||USDA 9b to 12|
|Growth size||6′ but can get to 12′ tall|
|Growth rate||Moderate to fast|
|Flowering||During the growing season|
|Toxicity||Toxic to humans and pets|
|Common pests||Spider mites, Brown scales, Mealybugs|
|Diseases||Southern blight, Bacterial leaf spot, Dasheen Mosaic Virus, Fungal root rot|
What is Mini Monstera
The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, commonly known as Mini Monstera or Philodendron Ginny, is a captivating vining plant that is native to Southern Thailand and Malaysia.
Belonging to the family Araceae, this eye-catching plant has quickly gained popularity among avid collectors and garden enthusiasts worldwide.
Flourishing in growth zones 10 to 12, the Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a climber by nature, wrapping itself around trees and spreading across various surfaces.
Its relatively fast growth rate and uniquely split leaves that resemble those of the Monstera Deliciosa, have earned it a spot in many people’s hearts and homes.
With large, glossy leaves split into elegant, lacy patterns, this visually stunning plant can fill any space with a sense of beauty and wonder.
Though it rarely produces fruits, the ones it does bear are small and quite remarkable.
A hardy plant overall, the Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is not susceptible to many pests, and any concerns about diseases are few and far between.
How Do You Identify a Mini Monstera?
Identifying a Mini Monstera can feel like quite a challenge, but with a keen eye for detail and an understanding of its unique characteristics, you can confidently classify this delightful houseplant.
To begin, examine the leaf shape; a Mini Monstera’s leaves will possess an intricate, lattice-like pattern that sets it apart from other varieties.
Along with the shape, pay attention to the color of the leaves, which will typically display a rich, deep green hue.
The size and the pattern of the veins also provide valuable clues. Thin yet prominent veins coursing through the width of the leaves offer a defining characteristic to look out for.
Furthermore, don’t overlook the stem structure and root system – a Mini Monstera’s stem will be rather slender, with clusters of aerial roots protruding from its surface.
While fruits are not commonly found in Mini Monstera plants, if present, they will resemble small, green cones.
Finally, keep in mind the location and environment preferences of the plant, which thrive in bright, indirect light and high humidity, making it a cheerful addition to any indoor space.
Mini Monstera Care Needs
Though the Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a fairly resilient species, there are certain care needs that should be met in order for it to thrive.
Mini monstera climb using aerial roots to access light without being directly exposed to harsh sunlight.
When it comes to indoor care, providing bright to medium indirect light is vital for the plant’s well-being. Aim for 8-10 hours of optimal lighting daily to maintain your Mini Monstera’s health.
If natural light is scarce, you may consider using LED grow lights for 10-12 hours every day as an excellent alternative.
Creating the ideal lighting environment for your Mini Monstera involves finding a warm spot exposed to indirect or slightly filtered light, such as near a window with sheer curtains.
It is essential to avoid direct sunlight, which can burn the leaves and cause permanent discolored spots, as well as full shade when planting, which may hinder healthy growth.
Signs Your Mini Monstera Needs More Light
- No fenestration on mature leaves is an indication that your Mini Monstera may be in need of more light.
- The leaves of a well-lit plant should be bright green and have a glossy appearance.
- Slow growth rate and weak stems are also common symptoms of inadequate light.
- Leggy monstera plants with thin stems are a sign of too much shade, creating an environment for unhealthy growth and development.
How to Maximize Light Exposure?
In order to maximize light exposure, consider pruning your Mini Monstera and removing yellowing or dead leaves.
This will create an environment for the plant to flourish, as it will be able to access more light without obstruction from the leaves.
Positioning your plant near a window with sheer curtains and turning it a quarter every few days is also beneficial for even light exposure on all sides of the foliage.
Finally, if you opt for LED grow lights as an artificial lighting source, monitor the plants to make sure the lighting is appropriate for its needs.
To determine when it’s time to water your Mini Monstera, it’s essential to assess the dryness of the soil. Ideally, watering should occur when the top 2 inches of soil become dry.
You can test soil dryness using a finger test, the poke-a-stick method or, preferably, a moisture meter.
A reading of 3 on the moisture meter is a clear indication that the soil is dry and needs attention.
The frequency of watering for the Mini Monstera generally falls within the range of once every 1-2 weeks.
However, it’s crucial to consider seasonal variations and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.
During the summer and spring seasons, which mark the active growing period for the plant, watering once weekly is recommended.
Conversely, in the winter months, when Mini Monstera’s growth typically slows or enters a dormant phase, you can reduce watering to a few weeks.
- When watering your Mini Monstera, use lukewarm water with a neutral pH and keep it away from direct sources of heat for better absorption.
- For tropical plants in containers or pots, it’s recommended to apply enough water so that the excess trickles out of the drainage holes at the bottom.
- This method will prevent overwatering, which can cause root rot and a range of other problems.
- Finally, avoid misting your Mini Monstera due to the risk of fungal infections.
Signs of Underwatering
The main symptom of underwatering is wilting or yellowing foliage, which typically occurs when the leaves start to lose water faster than it can be replenished.
This is often accompanied by dryness or crunchiness in the soil, which can be verified with the finger test.
In extreme cases, the stem and leaves may become limp or weak due to lack of hydration.
Signs of Overwatering
On the other hand, overwatering is the more common issue and has a few indicators.
The main symptoms are yellowing and wilting foliage, which can be accompanied by discolored spots on the stems.
The leaves may also become mushy, and in extreme cases, you may notice root rot as a result of waterlogged soil.
Finally, you may observe fungal growth on the surface of the soil or near the drainage holes.
The captivating Monstera Minima plant, native to tropical climates, thrives best in moderate-to-high humid environments with temperatures ranging from 65-85℉ (18-29 degrees Celsius).
This alluring houseplant’s growth slows down significantly when subjected to temperatures below 55°F (13 degrees Celsius), while temperatures below 50°F (10 degrees Celsius) can shock and ultimately cause the demise of the plant.
In contrast, during warmer days, when temperatures soar above 90°F, the plant’s stem and leaves might dry out due to transpiration.
To maintain the Monstera Minima’s optimal temperature range, one should consider using plant grow lights in winter or gradually acclimating it to outdoor areas during spring and summer, as long as the temperature remains above 60 degrees.
Tips for Maintaining Optimal Temperature
To maintain the ideal temperature for your Mini Monstera, one of the most important steps is to keep it away from cold drafts and direct sources of heat.
If using a grow light, be sure to position it several feet away from the plant and adjust its height periodically as the plant grows.
Also, you can place an indoor thermometer near the plant to monitor the temperature.
You can also use a humidifier or pebble tray to increase humidity around the Monstera Minima and help it thrive in dry conditions.
Finally, if growing your Mini Monstera outdoors, make sure to place it in an area with ample shade from direct sunlight. This will ensure that temperatures remain within the optimal range.
Although most households tend to have adequate air quality for this plant, those living in warmer tropical climates need not worry about trying to maintain appropriate humidity levels.
Ideally, monstera plants flourish in medium to high humidity ranges of 60% to 80%. It is essential to avoid exposing the Monstera Minima to excessively dry or overly humid conditions, as both can cause damage to the plant.
During the winter season, especially in arid areas, the use of indoor heating can decrease the air’s humidity, making it essential to monitor the plant’s well-being.
To ensure the correct humidity levels are maintained, a hygrometer can be used to measure the moisture content in your home, providing valuable information to help the mini Monstera grow to its full potential.
How to Ensure the Right Humidity Level?
- Group plants together and mist the foliage regularly to increase air moisture.
- You can also use a humidifier to maintain optimal humidity levels or place pebble trays filled with water nearby which will help boost the surrounding air’s moisture content.
- Using a plastic bag over the plant and its pot is also an excellent way to further raise humidity, as it creates a mini-greenhouse effect.
- Another readily available option is to place a tray filled with water and some pebbles beneath the plant’s pot. This will allow the water to evaporate into the air, creating an ideal environment for your Monstera Minima.
- Ultimately, these simple techniques can help maintain optimal humidity levels and ensure your beloved houseplant remains healthy and vibrant.
When determining where to position your Monstera Minima, it’s essential to consider the plant’s size and the surrounding environment.
As your Monstera matures, it can reach impressive heights, possibly even taller than your ceiling, with its leaves stretching up to three feet. Use a moss pole or coco pole for support.
To accommodate this growth, ensure the selected area has enough room, proper temperature, and ideal humidity levels.
For optimal success, place your Monstera Minima near an east-facing window, as the plant thrives in indirect light.
Additionally, applying Feng Shui principles in your plant’s positioning can help maximize the flow of energy in the space.
But worry not, if you can’t find an east-facing window, south or west-facing windows can work too – just use sheer curtains or fabric to provide bright, filtered light.
While a north-facing window may not provide enough light, it might still be worth trying. Just remember to keep your Monstera Minima at least 2-4 feet away from direct light sources to ensure its well-being.
Where Not to Place Monstera Minima in the Home
Monstera Minima is a tropical plant and does not thrive in temperatures below 50°F. For this reason, it should not be placed in drafty rooms or near air conditioners and heaters.
Likewise, the plant should not be placed in overly crowded areas as it does need ample space to grow.
Additionally, the Monstera should not be placed directly in a bedroom as Feng Shui principles discourage this, nor should it be placed in a south or west-facing window with direct light after 9:00 AM.
Where to Place Monstera Minima Outdoors
As this plant loves bright, indirect light, placing your Monstera in a partially shaded area near a south-facing window is ideal.
Likewise, you can also try placing it in an east-facing window, ensuring the direct light does not hit it directly.
If you don’t have a spot near a window, you can also place the Monstera Minima in a protected area, such as beneath trees or shrubs.
Caring for your Mini Monstera plant goes beyond providing it with water and sunlight; it also requires proper fertilization to thrive.
Most potting soils come enriched with essential nutrients, but over time, usually within 6-12 months, these nutrients get depleted.
To replenish your Mini Monstera with high-quality nutrients, it’s crucial to fertilize it accordingly.
Think of fertilizer as functioning like vitamins for your plants, aiding in their overall health and growth.
Large doses of macronutrients, such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), lay the foundation for strong plant development.
Secondary nutrients, like calcium, magnesium, and sulfur, are needed in smaller doses, while micronutrients, including iron, copper-boron, zinc, chlorine, and nickel, play a vital role despite their minimal presence.
It’s essential to strike a balance in the frequency of fertilization. During the active growth stages in summer and spring, your Mini Monstera should be fertilized 1-2 times monthly.
However, during the dormancy stage in late fall and winter, it’s best to avoid fertilizing.
Additionally, after transplanting or repotting, give your plant about a month before fertilizing to allow it to adjust to its new environment.
What Fertilizer is Best for Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
Best choice – The best fertilizer for monstera is a Balanced Liquid NPK fertilizer of 20:20:20 ratio or 10-10-10, that is high in micronutrients.
Organic fertilizers can also be used for Mini Monsteras, such as fish emulsion fertilizer, kelp meal, and compost tea.
It’s essential to dilute the fertilizer accordingly with water to prevent burning the roots.
Lastly, consider adding some Epsom salts to the mixture as they add an extra boost of micronutrients and magnesium.
- All indoor and outdoor plants, tree, vegetables and surf
- It feeds both through the roots and the leaves. This formula of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium provides fast green-up and rapid leaf expansion
- Indoors it is especially effective on foliage plants, keeping leaves green. A proven performer in the vegetable garden for generations
Pruning your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, a popular houseplant, is essential to maintain the plant’s overall health and prevent potential infections such as stem rot.
By trimming older foliage, you can effectively manage the size of the plant and ensure its proper growth.
The best time to prune your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is during the early spring, as the plant is preparing for its high growth period and will recover more quickly from the pruning process.
It is crucial to avoid pruning during the plant’s period of dormancy, which typically happens in the winter due to limited sunlight, which hinders the plant’s ability to generate glucose for growth.
To effectively prune your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, you will require some essential tools such as protective gloves and pruning shears.
How to Prune Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
- Start by looking for dead or damaged leaves, as well as any brown tips, and remove these parts gently.
- It is essential to avoid cutting the healthy foliage of your plant; instead, focus on removing what’s needed.
- To trim the stems of your Mini Monstera, cut them at a 45-degree angle with sharp pruning shears to ensure a clean cut.
- Ensure you dispose of all the clippings properly, as any leaves or stems left on the ground can attract pests and diseases.
- Once you are done pruning your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, it’s time to care for it—provide the plant with enough water, sunlight, and fertilizer to promote healthy growth.
Soil Drainage and Aeration
When it comes to Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, soil drainage and aeration are essential.
Good soil moist ensures that the plant’s roots are not excessively saturated with water, while aeration allows the roots to breathe and access nutrients more easily.
Soils that contain sand, perlite or orchid bark should be used for better water drainage and air flow, while soils that contain organic matter should be used for better nutrient-holding capacity.
It’s also important to ensure the soil contains adequate amounts of macronutrients (peat moss) and micronutrients.
Finally, it’s essential to provide your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma with an appropriate container size.
Too big of a pot can lead to root rot due to the lack of air circulation, while too small of a pot will cause the roots to become constricted.
Best Commercial Potting Mix for Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
Premium Monstera Potting Soil
- PREVENTS BROWN SPOTS, ROOT ROT, AND DROPPING LEAVES Created to provide well-draining soil using organic aged bark, coco coir, and perlite to maintain an optimal balance of water and air for your monsteras.
- SUPPORTS INCREASED GROWTH AND STRONGER HOUSEPLANT HEALTH Specially formulated with nutrients including IBI-certified Biochar, which increases the retention of nitrogen, phosphorus, and other essential plant nutrients so your plant can grow bigger and stronger.
- PROTECTS AGAINST OVER AND UNDER WATERING Developed by The Houseplant Resource Center, our soil mix provides the perfect balance of water retention and drainage so that you can take the guesswork out of watering your monstera.
- CERTIFIED STERILE AND NON-TOXIC Each bag has been sterilized to protect your plant that can lurk in other soils. Enjoy a resealable bag for easy storage.
- PERFECT FOR ALL AROIDS Created for aroids including monstera, our soil mix is perfect for all aroids and monstera including Monstera Deliciosa, Monstera Albo Borsigniana, Monstera Variegata, Monstera Adansonii, Monstera Pinnatipartita, Monstera Dubia, Monstera Siltepecana, Monstera Obliqua.
Sun Gro Horticulture Black Gold 1310102 8-Quart All-Purpose Potting Mix
- A slow-release complete fertilizer is added to give plants a strong start
- Made with Canadian sphagnum peat moss with worm castings, forest humus, and pumice
- This product is made in United States
- Now with MultiCote controlled release fertilizer
- A multi purpose, nutrient rich mix that's ideal for all plants
Here are other best soil mixes for monstera
Common Problems with Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a relatively easy plant to care for but can be prone to certain problems.
Pests and diseases are the most common issue with monsteras. Common pests include aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites.
To prevent infestation, it’s important to provide proper care for the plant and regularly inspect the foliage for signs of pests.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma can also be prone to certain fungal diseases such as root rot, leaf spot, and powdery mildew.
To avoid any fungal issues, it’s important to maintain proper soil drainage and aeration as well as keep the area around the plant free from debris.
Finally, it’s also important to provide the plant with enough light and water as too much or too little can cause issues.
Yellowing leaves can be caused by a number of issues, including nutrient deficiency or overwatering.
To fix this issue, it’s important to check the soil and ensure proper drainage and aeration, as well as providing adequate nutrients and water to the plant.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a slow-growing plant and can take up to several years before it reaches its full size.
To promote healthier growth, it’s important to ensure the plant is getting enough light, water, and nutrients.
Prune regularly to maintain a neat and healthy appearance, and be sure to provide the plant with a suitable container size.
Leaves Turning Brown
Leaves turning brown can be caused by a number of issues, including nutrient deficiency, pests, or too much direct sunlight.
To fix this issue, it’s important to check that you have fresh soil and ensure proper drainage and aeration as well as providing adequate nutrients and water to the plant.
Additionally, move the plant to a spot with indirect sunlight and inspect for signs of pests.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma vs Monstera Deliciosa
Green Galaxy Monstera Peru Care Guide
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is an attractive tropical trailing plant but can be prone to certain problems if not cared for properly.
It’s important to maintain adequate soil drainage and aeration, provide the plant with enough light, water, and nutrients as well as inspect regularly for signs of pests or diseases.
Pruning regularly will help maintain a neat and healthy appearance, and be sure to provide the plant with an appropriate container size. With proper care, Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma will thrive in your home or garden.