If you’re looking to liven up your garden and add a tropical flair, look no further than Monstera Subpinnata. These lush and vibrant climbing plants are ideal for both experienced and beginner gardeners.
Not only do they provide an eye-catching addition to any outside space, but also require minimal maintenance. Once planted, all that’s required is consistent watering and occasional pruning.
Read on to learn more about Monstera Subpinnata care and other helpful tips.
|Scientific name||Monstera Subpinnata|
|Other names||Swiss cheese|
Fruit salad plant
|Native||Central and South America|
|Growth zone||USDA 10-12|
|Plant type||Evergreen perennial climber|
|Growth size||Upto 14 feet tall|
|Leaves||Oblong variegated leaves|
|Flowering||Flowers grow at maturity|
|Fruiting||Spathe and spadix fruiting|
|Toxicity||Toxic to pets|
|Common pests||Spider mites|
What is Monstera Subpinnata
Monstera Subpinnata is commonly referred to as the Swiss Cheese plant or Fruit Salad Plant. This is because of its semblance to Swiss cheese.
The wild vine grows in warm, humid regions of neighborhoods in urban Central and South America. It is part of the Araceae family and the Monstera genus.
The evergreen plant grows all year and has a vine form that can grow up to 14 feet tall in an area with 10-12 growth zones.
The growth rate for this plant is slow. But once it reaches a certain height, it starts to grow aerial roots, like other climbing vines.
This plant does not often have fruit, but when it does, it’s ornamental and has yellow spikes. The plant fruits between May and August.
This plant is toxic to pets, specifically cats and dogs. It is also prone to diseases and pests like mealybugs, mites, and spider mites.
How do You Identify a Monstera Subpinnata?
Accurately identifying your Monstera Subpinnata is the first step in providing them with appropriate care. This guide will offer you a clear way to distinguish this species of monstera from others.
How to Identify young Monstera Subpinnata
A young Monstera Subpinnata has elongated leaves with a heart shape and an oblong structure. They have bright green leaves with light yellow veins running throughout them.
The stem is thick and woody at its base, tapering off as it grows.
Monstera Subpinnata has an extensive root system, and its roots will be white or gray in color.
Its fruit is round and yellow, with a leathery skin that is sometimes covered in small brown spots.
The Monstera plant can be found growing in shaded areas or on the side of trees in tropical environments.
How to identify Mature Monstera Subpinnata
Mature Monstera Subpinnata has distinct, large leaves with cuts or windows in them to allow more light and air into the plant.
The leaves have a deep green color and are variegated with yellow veins throughout.
Mature Monstera Subpinnata is able to climb with aerial roots that help attach it to its support structure.
The fruit of this Monstera species is round and bright yellow with leathery skin, and it can sometimes be found in clusters. Monstera Subpinnata is most commonly found growing near tree trunks or in other shaded areas in tropical environments.
Monstera Subpinnata Care Needs
Now that you know how to identify the Monstera Subpinnata plant, do you also know how to take care of it?
Understanding how to care for Monstera Subpinnata is important for its healthy growth and beautiful foliage. Here’s what you need to know about Monstera Subpinnata care.
To properly care for these plants, make sure they have the lighting they need. You should start with understanding their natural habitat.
Many will climb up trees in the wild to get more indirect light and access filtered rays from the sun.
These plants require quite a bit of light to thrive, with 8-10 hours of optimal lighting important for their growth. If natural sunlight is limited, a great alternative option is to source LED grow lights.
This will give the plant all the light it needs and provide temperatures that are ideal for its care, enabling the plant to get up to 10-12 hours of light each day.
Also, avoid direct sunlight and full shade when planting. Direct sun can damage the leaves of the plant, leading to unattractive spots that won’t improve over time.
Full shade may also leave the tree deprived of key elements from its environment like water, oxygen, and nutrients it needs to thrive.
Signs Your Monstera Subpinnata Needs More Light
- Pale or yellowing leaves
- Slow growth rate
- Stunted leaf size
- Leaves pointing toward the light source
- Brown leaf tips and edges
- Brown patches on leaves
- Wilting or drooping leaves
- Weak or thin stems
- Seed pods dropping prematurely
- A lack of new growth or flowers
- No fenestrations on mature leaves
- Soil takes too long to dry
How to Maximize Light Exposure?
Rotate the plants every fortnight. This will help ensure all sides of the plant get exposed to equal amounts of light and keep your plants looking their best.
You can also use light fabric to filter the sun’s rays. This will help protect your plants from too much direct sunlight and allow enough light for better photosynthesis.
Find a well-lit spot like a patio, doorway, or window for best results.
For south-facing windows, position your potted plant 4-5 feet away from the window for optimum morning and afternoon sun. For east/westward-facing windows, place plants 3-4 feet away for similar light exposure.
Monstera Subpinnata requires moderate watering. You should wait until the top 2 inches of the soil is dry before watering again.
To test the moisture in the soil, you can use either your pointer finger, poking stick, or moisture meter. Using a finger or poking stick, insert the tool into the soil and check if it feels moist.
You can also use a moisture meter, which comes with two probes. Insert the probes into the soil at different depths and then read off the results from the display on the meter.
Of these three approaches, using a moisture meter is the most accurate and reliable. Moisture meters measure the electrical resistance of soil particles to help you understand how damp the soil is.
A moisture meter reading of 3 indicates that the soil is dry. During spring and summer, provide plenty of hydration to keep your plant healthy and vibrant.
In the winter months when growth may slow down or become dormant, reduce the watering frequency to around 1-2 weeks.
When it comes to watering Monstera Subpinnata, I would recommend rainwater or distilled water at room temperature. Avoid mineralized water or chloramine water.
For the best results, practice slow and gradual pouring of water until the soil is completely saturated. Give each plant enough water so that it can soak it up.
Check to make sure the water is going through the drainage holes and that there is no water left in the drain tray after each plant has had enough water.
Avoid getting any of the plant’s leaves wet in the process. Also, it’s better to under-water than over-water your plant. After all, adding more is far easier than removing it if you have added too much.
Signs of Underwatering
- Wilted, yellow leaves
- Dry and papery leaves
- Drooping or sagging leaves
- Stunted growth
- Brown leaf tips or edges
- Dry, brittle aerial roots
- Smaller than normal leaflets
Signs of Overwatering
- Yellow leaves
- Soft, slimy leaves
- Root rot
- Stunted growth
- Oversized or swollen foliage
- Mushy stems and leafstalks
- Pests on the surface of the soil
Monstera Subpinnata is a perennial tropical plant that has temperatures between 64.4°F and 85°F. This makes it an excellent indoor plant choice.
The Monstera can survive in cold temperatures for a short time (down to 55°F). But if the temperature is lower than 50°F, it could be dangerous and the plant could die.
Hot temperatures greater than 90°F can also cause drying of the stems and leaves due to transpiration. To make your Monstera Subpinnata healthy, keep it at a temperature between 65-85℉ (18-29 Celsius).
Factors that affect temperature
During winter, use grow lights and space heaters to supplement the cooler temperatures. During spring and summer, move the Monstera Subpinnata outside on warm days.
Provided the temperature stays above 60 degrees. If temperatures drop below that, it’s best to bring them indoors.
High humidity can make it feel hotter than the actual temperature. Maintain the right balance of moisture in order to keep plants healthy.
Use dehumidifiers and humidifiers to maintain relative humidity levels between 40-60%.
When the air doesn’t move, it can create hot spots or overly warm areas in certain parts of the room.
Investing in a fan or two can help regulate temperatures and reduce any overheating caused by still air. Do not place the fan directly on the plant.
Where you place your Monstera Subpinnata can make a big difference in temperature. Keep it away from windows, doors, and other sources of heat or cold drafts.
If possible, choose a spot that is out of direct sunlight or in an area with indirect light for the best results.
Monstera Subpinnata needs exposure to bright indirect sunlight. Too much direct sun can cause scorching on their leaves and other damages.
If you choose to use artificial lighting, make sure it is not too close to the plant as this could raise the temperature around it
Tips for Maintaining Optimal Temperature
- If the temperature in your home gets too high, use a fan to circulate air around the plant.
- Monitor the temperature closely and adjust accordingly using manual blinds or curtains.
- Try to maintain an ideal room temperature of 65°F-85°F for optimal growth.
- Provide extra humidity for Monstera Subpinnata as it helps the plant retain moisture.
- Regularly mist the leaves with a spray bottle or use a humidifier for extra humidity.
- Make sure to provide good ventilation and airflow in order to prevent diseases and pests from affecting your Monstera Subpinnata.
Signs your Monstera Subpinnata environment may be too cold:
- Brown spots
- Yellow leaves
- Leaves curling inward
- Stunted growth
Signs your Monstera Subpinnata temperature is too high:
- Wilting leaves
- Crinkled or curled leaves
- Droopy stems
- Yellowing leaves
- Foliage burn on the tips of the leaves
Monstera Subpinnata requires modest humidity in order to thrive. For most households located in a warm, tropical climate, the existing environment is satisfactory without any special efforts.
At its best, the relative humidity should be around 60% and 80%, even if there’re occasional days with a higher or lower level. However, too little or too much humidity can cause yellowing leaves and general damage to the plant.
Especially during dry winters when heaters are in use, monitor the moisture levels of your home by way of a hygrometer.
To maintain the right humidity for your plants, you will have to take a few steps.
Group multiple plants together to increase the atmospheric moisture around them. Adding a humidifier in the room will provide extra moisture into the air.
Use an accurate hygrometer monitor, to measure and track humidity levels and make necessary adjustments.
Additionally, mist the leaves of your plants with a fine-mist mister to create a film of moisture on their surfaces.
Lastly, adding a pebble tray filled with water creates evaporation which helps add more moisture to the area.
Low Humidity Signs
- Curled leaves
- Yellowing of leaves
- Drooping leaves
- Falling of lower leaves
- Browning tips on leaves and leaf edges.
Too High Humidity Signs
- Mildew or fungus growth on the plant or soil
- Powdery white spots on the underside of the leaves
- Stunted or slow growth in plants.
- Yellowing of new leaves
- Soft, limp stems and leaves.
Placement and positioning are essential to this beauty’s growth and longevity.
Choose an area that is big enough for the Monstera Subpinnata to grow in. It could get really tall, and the leaves could get up to three feet wide.
Moreover, ensuring that the area is best suited for its temperature and humidity needs is important in promoting its growth as well.
The best place for this species of plant would be near an east-facing window. This type of light source offers bright indirect light.
If you’re looking to give your home some positive energy according to traditional Feng Shui principles, then this is an excellent location choice.
The Monstera Subpinnata will look best near an east-facing window. This is because ancient Chinese architecture combined with modern home decor will look good together.
Use sheer curtains or fabric to soften the light entering the room if your plants are near any south or west-facing windows.
If you want to put your Monstera Subpinnata in a north-facing window, you can do that.
You can put your Monstera in a north-facing window. But be careful because there might not be enough light for the plant.
You may need to use extra lighting if there isn’t enough light. If Monstera Subpinnata is in a very sunny room, place it away from the direct sun and give it some extra humidity.
Remember to place the plant at least 2-4 feet away from any direct light sources.
There’re certain places where one should not place the plant in the home. Avoid bedrooms as per Feng Shui principles.
Also, avoid direct sunlight after 9:00 AM, as well as direct light from a south- or west-facing window. Monstera should also not be placed in overly crowded rooms, or near heaters or air conditioners.
Lastly, avoid growing Monstera Subpinnata in pots without drainage holes.
When growing Monstera Subpinnata outdoors, ensure your garden falls in a USDA Hardiness Zone 10b or higher.
These conditions are characterized by temperatures rarely dipping below 50°F which should be manageable in many parts of the world.
If you live in a place with cold places, you can grow your Monstera Subpinnata plant outdoors most of the year. But during winter, bring the plant indoors so it does not get too cold and die.
Pro tip: Unlock the potential of your plants using a full-spectrum grow light to provide them with natural, sun-like illumination.
There’re a few specific needs when it comes to fertilization. Most of these plants will be grown in potting soils which can be initially enriched with plenty of nutrients.
However, that’s only enough for 6-12 months before the nutrients become depleted. If this happens, the plants won’t thrive as they should and so it is essential to replenish their soil with a high-quality fertilizer.
Think of it as vitamins for plants. This fertilizer helps provide them with the energy and resources they need in order to continue growing strong and healthy for years to come.
Macronutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) need to be added in larger doses. Secondary nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, and sulfur should only be added in small doses.
Micronutrients including iron, copper-boron, zinc, chlorine, and nickel also play an important role in keeping plants nourished.
During the active growing stage of summer and spring, it is necessary to fertilize plants once or twice a month. However, during the dormancy stage of late fall or winter, it is best to avoid fertilizing your plants altogether.
Do not fertilize your plant for at least a month after transplanting or repotting as most potting soils already contain fertilizer.
For optimum results, use NPK fertilizer of 20:20:20 ratio or 10-10-10. Be aware that this liquid fertilizer can quickly lose its potency, meaning you’ll need to apply it twice a month.
Slow-release fertilizers are also an option, but they can be a bit pricey and require less frequent applications. Avoid using granular fertilizers since their application can easily damage the fragile roots of a Monstera Subpinnata.
When fertilizing Monstera Subpinnata, use half the amount that it says on the package. This will help make sure you don’t put too much and damage your plants.
When growing this plant outside, follow the instructions from the manufacturer. Don’t change anything. This will help you get beautiful flowers and fruit.
Benefits of Fertilizing Monstera Subpinnata Plants
Providing your plant with sufficient amounts of fertilizer can lead to:
- Improved plant health
- Stronger eaves
- Enhanced growth
- Increased foliage size
- Better flowering
- Improved root system
- Richer, brighter colors to foliage and flowers
- More plentiful fruits or pods
- Higher resistance to pests and diseases
- A longer life span for your Monstera plant
Tips for Fertilizing Monstera Plants
Use an all-natural compost to provide your Monstera Subpinnata with essential nutrients. Compost mimics the plant’s natural environment. This helps in fighting off disease-causing nematodes that may find their way into the soil.
To help your plant stay healthy, use worm castings. Add ¼ to ½ inch of it to the soil once or twice a year.
Worm casting is a good way to help Monstera Subpinnata grow strong. It is also safe because it does not use chemicals that can be bad for the environment.
Signs of Over-Fertilization
- Wilting of leaves or stunted growth
- Unusual yellowing on the edges of leaves
- The foliage has a burned appearance
- Excessive growth of foliage but without flowers and fruits
- Poor root development
- Growth of small, underdeveloped, bitter-tasting fruits and vegetables
- Chlorosis, an iron deficiency which shows as yellowish leaves with green veins throughout the foliage
- Nitrogen burn on the leaf tips, characterized by a brown or black discoloration on the end of the leaves
- Tip burn, where only the edges of the leaves turn brown and die back
- Salt accumulation on the foliage, which appears as a white precipitate
- Foul odor in the soil caused by decaying organic matter due to excessive nitrogen levels
- White or gray mold on the surface of containers or other materials used for growing plants
Signs of Under-Fertilization
- Poor growth and lack of vigor in plants
- Foliage is pale green or yellowish-green in color
- Small, stunted leaves and flowers
- Delayed flowering and fruiting times
- Lack of production of fruits and vegetables
- Plants take longer to grow and develop
- Poor root development
- Weak, thin stems or stalks
- Stunted growth
- Slow to mature plants that are unable to withstand stress or disease
- Plant leaves become brittle
Pruning a Monster Subpinnata is an important part of caring for this type of plant and can be done to maintain overall health.
Pruning older foliage can prevent potential infections such as stem rot, and will help you manage the size of your Monstera Subpinnata.
The best time to prune is during early spring when the plant is beginning to prepare for its high growth period. Your plant will have a quick recovery and look better than ever before.
Knowing when not to prune is an important part of the proper pruning technique.
Avoid pruning during periods of dormancy, such as winter. During such times, the amount of sunlight during is limited and hinders a plant’s ability to generate glucose for growth.
Also, pruned plants are more vulnerable to diseases and pests while they are inactive. So, refrain from cutting during these months to help protect them.
With this in mind, it’s best practice to plan your annual trimming schedule accordingly with consideration of the climate you live in.
To ensure success, two important items must be gathered and prepared before starting: protective gloves and pruning shears.
The sap of the Monstera Subpinnata plant can cause irritation to the skin, so wearing gloves is essential. Sterilize your cutting tools to help prevent infection or the spread of disease.
When it comes to where to prune, trim old and diseased leaves. You can also prune stems for size and shape control.
You can also cut the aerial roots for a nicer look. This will help make more stems grow from the node. Finally, do not cut too many stems as this can shock the plant making it look unintentionally too empty or barren.
8. Propagating Monstera Subpinnata
To propagate Monstera Subpinnata, you can use the following methods:
This is a method of propagating Monstera by growing roots from a stem while still attached to the parent plant. It’s best done in spring or summer when temperatures are warmer and humidity is higher.
To air layer a Monstera Subpinnata, choose a healthy stem that has several leaves and remove the lower two-thirds of the leaves. Cut a shallow gash in the stem and apply rooting hormone to the wound.
Wrap the stem in moist sphagnum moss or peat moss, then wrap it in aluminum foil to retain moisture. After several weeks, you should be able to see roots growing from within the moss.
Once they’re strong enough, remove them from the stem and plant them in the soil.
This is another easy way of propagating Monstera Subpinnata. Take a healthy cutting that has at least two leaves attached to it and remove one or two nodes (the place where the leaf joins the stem) from each leaf.
Place your cuttings in moist soil and make sure that the nodes are below the surface of the soil. After several weeks, you should see new roots developing from the nodes.
Once they’ve grown strong enough, you can transplant your cuttings into a larger pot.
If you have an older Monstera with a lot of growth, propagate it by dividing it into multiple sections.
Gently dig around the root ball and carefully cut through the roots with a knife or pruning shears. Make sure each section has at least three leaves and some healthy roots.
Replant each section in its own pot and provide plenty of water until it’s well-established.
9. Potting & Repotting
Repotting your Monstera Subpinnata may seem like a daunting task, but with the proper guidance, it can be an easy task.
The Monstera Subpinnata can survive in containers early on, but will eventually run out of space. Repotting is important to allow the plant to expand and grow its roots.
Avoiding root bound is also crucial, as this can inhibit growth. Repotting also refreshes the potting mix, providing the plant with fresh nutrients.
For young plants that are growing, repot annually as they need more space and nutrients in order to reach their full potential.
Mature plants do not require such regular care and can typically go every 2-3 years between repotting.
You are definitely wondering how you’d know that your plants need repotting. Here are the most common signs you need to pay attention to:
- Diseased plants repot immediately
- When roots spread via drainage holes
- Weak discolored leaves
- When leaves become crowded and intertwined
- If you notice the soil drying out quickly
- If there’re signs of root rot or fungus growth
To repot your plant, you will need:
- Garden Trowel
- Potting soil
- Pruning Shears
- Plant support (coco coir or moss pole)
- Watering Can
Step to repot Monstera
Step 1: Spring might be the best time to repot a Monstera Subpinnata, but it can be done any time of year.
Step 2: To begin, select a larger terracotta pot with drainage holes, then fill the pot 1/4 – 1/3 with potting soil.
Step 3: Carefully pull the plant and its roots out of the old container, trimming some of the roots if necessary.
Step 4: Replant your Monstera in the new pot and hydrate well.
Step 5: Avoid fertilizing in the first month.
10. Soil Drainage and Aeration
When it comes to growing Monstera Subpinnata, understanding well-draining soil and aeration is key.
Aerating soil is good for the roots of plants. It gives them lots of oxygen and helps them grow fast and healthy.
The ideal soil mixture should include materials that are well-draining, light, and contain organic matter. Avoid densely packed soils so your plant won’t suffer from a lack of air circulation.
Monstera Subpinnata prefers a range between 5.5-7 pH. If you need to adjust your soil pH levels, add lime to raise it and sulfur to lower it.
Ensure your soil is slightly damp but not waterlogged.
If it is too hot outside, mix sand into the soil or lay down stones. This will keep your plants cool and make sure water can drain away properly.
Best commercial potting mix
1. Premium Monstera Potting Soil
- PREVENTS BROWN SPOTS, ROOT ROT, AND DROPPING LEAVES Created to provide well-draining soil using organic aged bark, coco coir, and perlite to maintain an optimal balance of water and air for your monsteras.
- SUPPORTS INCREASED GROWTH AND STRONGER HOUSEPLANT HEALTH Specially formulated with nutrients including IBI-certified Biochar, which increases the retention of nitrogen, phosphorus, and other essential plant nutrients so your plant can grow bigger and stronger.
- PROTECTS AGAINST OVER AND UNDER WATERING Developed by The Houseplant Resource Center, our soil mix provides the perfect balance of water retention and drainage so that you can take the guesswork out of watering your monstera.
- CERTIFIED STERILE AND NON-TOXIC Each bag has been sterilized to protect your plant that can lurk in other soils. Enjoy a resealable bag for easy storage.
- PERFECT FOR ALL AROIDS Created for aroids including monstera, our soil mix is perfect for all aroids and monstera including Monstera Deliciosa, Monstera Albo Borsigniana, Monstera Variegata, Monstera Adansonii, Monstera Pinnatipartita, Monstera Dubia, Monstera Siltepecana, Monstera Obliqua.
2. Sun Gro Horticulture Black Gold 1310102 8-Quart All-Purpose Potting Mix
- A slow-release complete fertilizer is added to give plants a strong start
- Made with Canadian sphagnum peat moss with worm castings, forest humus, and pumice
- This product is made in United States
- Now with MultiCote controlled release fertilizer
- A multi purpose, nutrient rich mix that's ideal for all plants
Do you know that it’s possible to make your own soil mix? It is an economical and great way to give your plants suitable conditions for growth.
The ideal recipe for soil mix consists of 5 parts orchid bark, 2 parts worm castings, 4 parts coir, 2 parts activated charcoal, and 5 parts perlite.
Once you have all of these materials in one container, mix them well to distribute their nutrients and beneficial properties.
Signs that the soil isn’t suitable may include mushy roots, slow growth, and yellowing leaves.
Growth Rate and Requirements
Monstera Subpinnata is a fast-growing plant, and with proper care, it can reach 5 to 10 feet in height. The Monstera thrives in warm temperatures of 70°F (21°C) and higher, but can also tolerate lower temperatures if they are not too extreme.
1. Large-sized foliage
For the foliage of your plant to grow large and lush include indirect light, warm temperatures, and plenty of humidity. Prune Monstera Subpinnata every few months to encourage growth and reduce the size of the plant if desired.
To ensure Monstera Subpinnata is getting proper lighting, rotate it every few months so all sides receive equal light exposure.
2. Variegated Subpinnata leaves
To make the leaves of your Monstera Subpinnata variegated, you will need to provide it with a lot of light and humidity.
Place it in a bright window that gets indirect sunlight or place it near an LED grow light (but not too close).
For the best results, ensure the plant is receiving 12 hours of bright, indirect light each day.
In addition to light, you will have to ensure there’s enough moisture in the air. To achieve this, mist the plant with a spray bottle every day or two and keep it away from heat sources like radiators.
2. Flower and fruiting
For flowering or fruiting, the plant should receive enough light and soil conditioning. This means that temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit are good for blooming and fruiting.
Toxicity of Monstera Subpinnata
The Monstera Subpinnata plant is toxic and can cause harm to pets like dogs, cats, and rabbits. This toxicity is caused by calcium oxalate crystals found in the stems, leaves, roots, and unripe fruit of the plant.
Fortunately, this does not typically lead to death but excessive drooling and some other mild symptoms.
If your pet has ingested this type of plant, contact the ASPCA Poison Center or take them to the vet immediately.
To prevent toxicity-related issues, keep these plants out of reach or safely out of sight of pets.
Is Monstera Subpinnata toxic? Yes. So you need to be aware of the potential risks associated with consuming Monstera Subpinnata.
Monstera Subpinnata causes some health concerns in humans, including skin irritation and allergic reactions.
Eating the raw plant can cause an upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea due to its oxalate content.
Ingesting a lot of Monstera Subpinnata can make you very sick. It can damage your kidneys, hurt your breathing and even kill you.
Common Problems with Monstera Subpinnata
Your Monstera Subpinnata isn’t free from the usual issues that houseplants can face, such as bug infestations and horticultural diseases.
Here is a list of common problems likely to be found in your lovely plant:
1. Pests Infestation
Monstera Subpinnata is resilient when it comes to fighting off pests.
However, it won’t resist all common houseplant bugs such as mealybugs, scales, fungus gnats, thrips, aphids, or spider mites on its own compared to other houseplants.
It has a higher level of natural pest resistance coupled with well-known adaptability. A little extra attention can keep this beautiful and hardy indoor plant safe from pesky insects.
You have to know that the Monstera Subpinnata is a highly attractive target for pests of all sorts due to its large nematode population and abundance of sap.
Phytophagous insects are interested in this plant. They can use their sharp mouthparts to poke a hole in the plant and then drink the juice.
Scale insects deposit wax or honeydew on the leaf joints and stems of the plant. Adult Fungus gnats are harmless but their larvae feed on the roots and cause further damage.
Thrips on the other hand extract moisture from the stems and leaves, reducing hydration for growth.
Aphids can harm Monstera Subpinnata plants by sucking out important nutrients. This can cause the plant to stop growing and have distorted leaves.
Mealybugs, whiteflies, and mites can damage your Monstera Subpinnata plant by sucking the sap out of it. This also creates an environment where diseases can spread more easily.
Some of the most easily recognizable signs of a Monstera Subpinnata being attacked by pests are:
- Dark patches on leaves
- Mold may also appear directly underneath the affected leaves or even along the stem
- Excessive amounts of webbing on the leaves
- Small insects or beetle-like creatures crawl around the Monstera’s leaves and stems
To keep pests away from Monstera Subpinnata plants, you should buy the plants from reputable nurseries. You should also quarantine new plants and provide good growing conditions for the plants.
Additionally, keeping the plants clean and using insecticidal soaps and pure neem oil can help protect Monstera Subpinnata from pests.
There’re biological ways to prevent and control pests. You can use pests like predatory mites, ladybugs, and mosquito bits to get rid of pests.
These will help destroy fungus gnats. You can also use yellow sticky traps to trap adult pests.
Common diseases of Monstera Subpinnata are caused by environmental stress or other hazards that create unhealthy conditions for the plants.
Some of these diseases are root rot, stem rot, and leaf spot. Root rot is caused by overwatering the soil which results in the roots of the plant becoming diseased.
Stem rot can occur when there is poor air circulation or too much moisture causing the stem to become mushy and rot away.
Leaf spots are caused by expired fertilizer, lack of proper irrigation, and fungal infections.
As with any plant, diagnosing symptoms of the disease is key. Checking for white spots on leaves, yellowing leaves, and stunted growth are some typical signs to look out for.
Taking care of your Monstera Subpinnata means adjusting the light it gets, keeping the moisture levels right, and feeding it enough. You also need to make sure it stays warm or cool enough so that it doesn’t get sick.
Unfortunately, some plants become too badly affected to recover. At this point, it is sometimes necessary to discard the diseased plant in order to protect others from infection.
With proper knowledge and care, you can prevent or treat any common diseases of Monstera Subpinnata.
3. Yellowing Leaves
Monstera Subpinnata leaves can turn yellow for different reasons. These reasons can include too much or too little water, getting too much sun, problems with bugs, and not having the right nutrients.
Overwatering can cause root or stem rot, which leads to yellow leaves. Underwatering the plant will cause the leaves to become dry and start to turn yellow due to a lack of moisture in the soil.
Too much sunlight, either direct or reflected sunlight, can also cause Monstera Subpinnata leaves to yellow. Pests, like aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites can cause damage to the leaves of the plant and lead to yellowing as well.
If your Monstera Subpinnata leaves are turning yellow, you might see wilting, curling, dryness, or discoloration on the edges. The yellow color may be faint at first but will become more pronounced over time.
To prevent yellowing of Monstera Subpinnata leaves, provide the plant with proper care. Water the plant when the top inch of soil has dried out and avoid overwatering or underwatering.
Make sure to fertilize with a balanced liquid fertilizer that’s formulated for Monstera Subpinnata plants. Keep your plant in an area with bright, indirect light, and avoid direct sunlight.
To prevent pest infestations, inspect your plant for signs of pests and treat it with an appropriate insecticide if necessary.
If your Monstera Subpinnata leaves are already yellowed, there’re several ways to treat them. Start by removing any wilted or discolored leaves and check the soil for any root rot.
If there is root rot, repot the plant in fresh, sterile potting soil. Make sure to water your plant lightly until the yellowed leaves have returned to a healthy green color.
Bring more light to your Monstera Subpinnata plant. Also, use a fertilizer that is made just for this plant.
4. Slow Growth
There’re many reasons why a plant might not grow well. It could be because it doesn’t have enough light or water, or it could be because the soil is not good for it.
Common factors affecting growth speed can include temperature, sunlight, soil moisture, and fertilizer.
There’re some signs that a plant is not doing well. These may include having fewer leaves than usual, small and narrow leaves, yellowing of existing leaves, and increased occurrence of plant diseases.
Fortunately, solutions for slow growth in Monstera Subpinnata are simple. Providing adequate nutrition and taking care when repotting can lead to healthy regrowth.
Addressing the underlying cause is key to helping your plant return to its optimal state.
5. Root rot
Root rot in Monstera Subpinnata is an infection caused by fungi that live in the soil. The fungi are called Phytophthora and Pythium species.
It is commonly linked to overwatering or poorly drained soils. This creates the ideal environment for these fungi to flourish.
Symptoms of root rot in Monstera Subpinnata include discolored leaves, yellow or brown spots on the foliage, stunted growth, and wilting of the lower branches.
The best treatment for root rot is to remove all affected areas of the root system and repot with fresh, sterile soil. To prevent further occurrence, keep soil conditions moist but not wet and ensure proper air circulation around your plant.
6. Leaves Dropping
Leaves can droop when something is wrong. This could be from giving the plant too much or too little water. It could also be from changes in temperature and light, incorrect nutrients, or pests.
Symptoms of leaf dropping include yellowing and brittle leaves, distorted growth, and the leaves dropping off the plant altogether.
To stop and fix problems, you can do some simple things. Keep the environment even. Water your plants regularly. Be careful to not let any pests get in.
If your Monstera Subpinnata plant has droopy leaves, you can help it get better. Make sure not to change the temperature of the water when you shower it.
Give it a regular amount of water and use fertilizer for indoor plants.
7. Leaves Turning Brown
Monstera Subpinnatas are susceptible to several problems which may cause their leaves to turn brown. For healthy Monstera Subpinnata, be aware of the causes and signs of leaf problems.
Root rot, underwatering, overwatering, excessive sunlight exposure, and lack of light may all lead to brown leaves. Additionally, mealybugs and spider mites can also cause considerable damage if left unchecked.
To keep Monstera Subpinnata leaves from turning brown, make sure the plant gets enough water, sunlight, and fertilizer.
If your plant has root rot, replant it in fresh soggy soil and check for any signs of disease or pests.
If the Monstera Subpinnata’s leaves are brown, cut off the brown leaves and put the plant in new soil. Adjust the plant’s water, sunlight, and fertilizer levels to make sure it is receiving the proper care.
Uses of Monstera Subpinnata
Decoration– Monstera Subpinnata is often used to decorate homes and offices. Its beautiful green leaves and unique shape make it a perfect centerpiece for any room. It also adds a touch of nature and freshness to any space.
Air Purification– Monstera Subpinnata purify the air in your home or office. It removes volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as formaldehyde and benzene from the air.
Medicinal Uses– It has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, and antibiotic properties that can help with skin issues such as eczema, psoriasis, and rashes. It can also be used as a natural remedy for headaches and digestive issues.
Feng Shui– Monstera Subpinnata is often used in Feng Shui, the Chinese art of creating harmony and balance in your home. It brings positive energy into any space and helps improve your relationships with others. It also encourages growth and abundance in all areas of life.
Where To Buy Monstera Subpinnata
If you are in the market for a Monstera Subpinnata, then you should consider looking for one online.
You can compare prices and features from different vendors before you decide which product to buy. This way you can make sure you are getting the best product for your needs.
Many online retailers offer free shipping and discounts on their products. Be sure to take advantage of these offers if you can.
Etsy is an online marketplace that provides a platform for buying and selling handmade and vintage items. While this can be a great opportunity for shoppers to find unique items, it also comes with some pros and cons.
By shopping on Etsy, buyers have access to an immense variety of products from passionate and exceptional artisans.
You do not need to wait for a long time for shipping. You can find a vendor who is near you that can give you what you want quickly and cheaply.
However, sometimes people may not be able to check the quality or reliability of something before they buy it. Or they may have trouble finding what they want.
Make sure you compare the prices of different vendors before you decide what to buy.
Carousell. sg is an online marketplace that allows people to buy, sell and discover products or services from one another.
The convenience factor of Carousell. sg makes it a popular option for those looking to shop and find good deals without having to physically go to a store.
Again, the platform is easy to use. The customer service team will help you if you have questions.
The escrow system will also help make sure that transactions on the platform are safe and secure.
Some bad things about this website are that it does not have as many resources as other websites because it is newer.
Sellers may find it difficult to get common items at a discount price. Buyers have trouble searching for things using specific requirements, like discounts or rental options.
Despite these drawbacks, Carousell. sg is still Popping Up in the scene and making waves in the world of online marketplaces in Southeast Asia.
Ken’s Philodendrons is an online nursery specializing in Monstera plants. They offer Monstera plants of all sizes, from small to large, with various shapes and colors.
The Monstera Subpinnata plants you can buy are grown in a special way to make sure they are of the best quality.
When you buy Monstera Subpinnata plants from Ken’s Philodendrons, you can be sure they are good quality and healthy. The staff at Ken’s Philodendrons are knowledgeable and experienced in Monstera care.
When you buy from them, your plants will come in a special box that keeps them safe. This helps make sure they get to you in good shape.
They will also provide you with a free care guide for every Monstera plant you purchase.
The main disadvantage of buying from them is that they can be expensive. Monstera plants are delicate and require a lot of attention which makes them costly to purchase.
Customers may also have to wait for the plants to be shipped, as they are not always immediately available.
Ecuageneraus is a business owned by a family in Ecuador. They grow orchids, different types of orchids, and other plants that need warm weather.
Shopping with Ecuageneraus has many benefits, such as the convenience of being able to shop from the comfort of your home.
It gives you the freedom of browsing through a wide selection of Monsteras and purchasing those that you want.
There’re also some drawbacks to shopping with Ecuageneraus. Their Monsteras may be more expensive than ones bought at a local nursery
When you order a Monstera online, it may come with broken leaves or stems. This is because it was mishandled during shipping.
Finally, you will not be able to inspect the Monstera Subpinnata plants in person before purchasing them.
Rare Home Plants
The website has lots of Monstera plants to choose from. They come in different sizes, shapes, and colors.
Customers can take advantage of the convenient delivery service and have their Monstera plant shipped to them. Their expert team ensures that your plants are packaged so they arrive in perfect condition.
The beauty of buying from this store is that you can find rare home plants that are difficult to find in other places.
Things to Avoid when Handling M.Subpinnata
Direct sunlight– M.Subpinnata prefers low to medium light levels, so avoid direct sunlight as this can cause leaf damage or even death of the plant.
Overwatering– Too much water on Subpinnata can lead to root rot and other issues with the plant’s health. Always allow the soil to dry out between watering sessions.
Temperature fluctuations– Sudden or drastic fluctuations in temperature can lead to shock or even death of the plant if the changes are too severe.
Full shade– Avoid full shade as it can prevent the plant from receiving enough light and nutrients for healthy growth.
Over-fertilizing– Too much fertilizer can burn the roots of the plant and cause severe damage. Use a balanced fertilizer for the best results.
Is Monstera Subpinnata rare?
Yes, Monstera Subpinnata is a rare plant and can be difficult to find in nurseries or garden centers. However, there’re some online nurseries that specialize in rare and exotic plants where you may be able to purchase one.
What is the difference between Monstera Spruceana and Subpinnata?
Monstera Spruceana has thicker, glossy leaves with raised veins and a wavy margin, while Monstera Subpinnata has thinner, matte leaves with smoother margins and less prominent veins. Monstera Spruceana is also larger, growing up to 6 feet, compared to Monstera subpinnata’s 3-4 feet.
Other Monstera care guides to check out are:
Monstera Burle Marx Flame Care Guide
In conclusion, caring for Monstera Subpinnata can be a rewarding experience. With the right care, these beautiful plants will thrive in your home.
To take good care of a Monstera Subpinnata, water it regularly and make sure it gets the right amount of light, humidity, and fertilizer.
With its unique foliage, Monstera Subpinnata is sure to add an interesting touch of nature to any home or office space. Take the time to care for them properly, and they’ll reward you with beauty and longevity.